Citrus Variety Pipeline Full Of Potential

Interesting Developments

Citrus Nursery Source has highlighted the availability of new varieties in past articles. Since many growers rely on their citrus nursery for updates and guidance on varieties, often including advice on planting decisions, it is imperative that nurseries remain current. Here’s the latest information on new varieties generating the most interest.

US Early Pride Tangerine

The US Early Pride Tangerine is an early season (nearly seedless) variant of the venerable Fallglo. As previously reported, a patent was filed by USDA’s Office of Technology Transfer. This variety will be managed by New Varieties Development & Management Corp. (NVDMC) in a coordinated program with the other citrus producing states. NVDMC has received a draft license agreement for the US Early Pride and is working toward a final version. Once a final license is signed, NVDMC will work quickly to update nursery licenses and inform interested growers of the next steps. In the meantime, USDA is evaluating the need for pollinators with US Early Pride. More information should be available on this to coincide with the availability of license agreement. Nurseries licensed to increase budwood and provide trial propagations include Rasnake Citrus Nursery, Phillip Rucks Citrus Nursery, Southern Citrus Nursery, and Southridge Citrus Nursery.

Tango

Tango is a very low-seeded, easy peel December to January tangerine licensed to NVDMC by the University of California-Riverside. Early Florida Tango plantings are bearing fruit and are generating a lot of excitement. Budwood availability is rapidly increasing at participating nurseries, as well as at DPI. Nursery contracts are available for nurseries not currently involved. License agreements and royalties apply. Contact NVDMC for information. This variety is naturally attractive to tangerine growers but also is proving to be an irresistible curiosity to round orange and grapefruit growers. Nurseries currently licensed to increase budwood and propagate Tango include Harris Citrus Nursery, Rasnake Citrus Nursery, Philmon Citrus Nursery, Phillip Rucks Citrus Nursery, and Southern Citrus Nursery.

Sugar Belle

Sugar Belle is a December specialty variety packed both commercially and within the roadside and gift segments. The Sugar Belle also is available to homeowners through a dooryard agreement. Sugar Belle is licensed to NVDMC by Florida Foundation Seed Producers (FFSP). Ample budwood is available for nurseries through DPI. Participating nurseries have developed internal supplies of budwood. Sugar Belle fits a similar window as Minneola, but matures about a month earlier. Its strength is its superior flavor and attractive appearance. Nurseries with customers interested in the specialty market should contact NVDMC. Growers can plant trials or commercial plantings. Currently licensed nurseries include Harris Citrus Nursery, Phillip Rucks Citrus Nursery, and Southern Citrus Nursery.

Valquarius

Valquarius is licensed to NVDMC by FFSP. The Valquarius produces March Valencia quality in January and is available for trial or commercial plantings. License agreements are available for nurseries and growers. A modest tree fee applies. The Valquarius is equally or more productive than standard Valencia. The thorns that were observed on young trees are now being diminished through the availability of budwood from more mature sources. The Valquarius is viewed as a likely candidate for mechanical harvesting, as the harvest will precede the bloom. Minimally, it makes sense for nurseries to be licensed for budwood increase and propagations. Phillip Rucks Citrus Nursery is currently licensed.

California Seedless Tangerines

The Citrus Nursery Source article titled “Trial and Error” (February 2011, page 32) highlighted the availability of the Shasta Gold, Tahoe Gold, Yosemite Gold, and Gold Nugget. All are seedless tangerines licensed to NVDMC for trial and possible later commercial plantings through University of California–Riverside. Trial plantings are in the Ridge and Indian River production areas. Shasta Gold and Gold Nugget produced their first fruit this year on very small trees. Though small quantities of fruit from young trees do not provide enough information to accurately gauge the utility of these varieties in Florida, the sample harvest did lead to more requests for trial contracts. Due to mixed reports of Alternaria susceptibility on Shasta, Yosemite, and Tahoe, growers want to make their own observations. Gold Nugget is not expected to have Alternaria issues. License agreements remain available to nurseries for budwood increase and trial propagations. Licensed growers can plant up to 10 trees of each. Should any of these prove commercially acceptable, nurseries in the fresh fruit market will want to have budwood on hand. Currently, Rasnake Citrus Nursery and Phillip Rucks Citrus Nursery are licensed.

Scarlet Mandarin (Thoro Temple)

This is a seedless or low-seeded variation of Temple that is public domain and available with no contract. We now have fruit from two years harvest, though small quantities. Most have been seedless but have seen up to four seeds in some. Fruit size appears slightly smaller than Temple. Fruit peels, though it’s not a zipper skin. This variety boasts Temple flavor. Productivity appears low. There is a need for growers to figure out how to set more fruit. Nurseries can request budwood from DPI.

Dekopon (Shiranui)

This is a fruit of an unusual appearance with a pronounced neck. It is considered by many to be one of the most flavorful citrus in the world. NVDMC receives frequent inquiries about this variety. Some trees are in Florida and fruiting. Trees appear to produce erratically for several years before settling down. The jury is still out on this variety. There are no conclusions whether it is conducive to Florida’s climate. Nurseries can request budwood from DPI if growers want to conduct their own trials. Dekopon is a Kiyomi x Ponkan cross developed in Japan in 1972. It is now being produced in California under a different market name.

Leave a Reply

2 comments on “Citrus Variety Pipeline Full Of Potential

  1. Today while out searching for a MORO Blood Orange, I accidently found and bought this new sensation, the DEKOPON OR SHIRANUI TANGERINE. i HAD TO COME HOME AND GET ON THE COMPUTER TO FIND OUT EXACTLY WHAT I had. MY preference in citrus is to be tangy, not so sweet and just sweet alone. I certainly hope this is as good as everyone' comments say it is.

  2. I planted a Sugar Belle orange tree in April 2012. The numbers on the tag are CH-27-04, DPI-434, I D # 03123.002 04722658, 10/14/09 KUH and BED 3-3-10. My questions are how long before it bears fruit, how tall it will grow and the length of time to grow to its maximum height. Would appreciate an answer. Regards, Elwood Clark

Varieties & Rootstocks Stories
A.H. Whitmore Farm in Leesburg, FL, as seen from Google Earth
Varieties & Rootstocks
March 16, 2017
Experimental Citrus Groves Disappearing in Florida
Challenges to growth expand as vital research is in dire need of a home. Read More
Cartoon sketch of a citrus seed machine
Varieties & Rootstocks
February 22, 2017
Citrus Nurseries Analyze the Need for Seed
It seems many growers are more certain about their scion choices than they are about available rootstocks. Read More
'Gold nugget' seedless tangerine
Varieties & Rootstocks
January 18, 2017
5 Florida Citrus Nursery Trends Worth Watching
Gleanings from recent grower gatherings expose opportunities and possibilities in new variety development and management. Read More
Citrus supply chain graphic
Varieties & Rootstocks
December 19, 2016
Finding Weak Links Key to Saving Florida Citrus
Unique supply challenges placing a strain on restoration of the state’s acreage. Read More
UF/IFAS variety display at 2016 Florida Citrus Show
Varieties & Rootstocks
November 29, 2016
Open Forum To Help Put More Florida Citrus On The Fast Track
Growers, nurseries, and industry stakeholders invited to review and discuss pros and cons of rapid release program. Read More
7-6-27 mandarin hybrid orange
Varieties & Rootstocks
November 18, 2016
Florida Citrus Connecting The Dots On Promising New Selections
From modern mandarins, to the latest allure of lemons, progression is palpable. Read More
Graphic illustration of a barometer for citrus
Varieties & Rootstocks
October 19, 2016
How Is The Citrus FAST TRACK Program Faring?
Now that the oldest trees in the rapid evaluation system are two years old, growers are looking for a barometer check on their performance. Read More
illustration showing data taken and recorded on new citrus varieties
Varieties & Rootstocks
September 20, 2016
Is Citrus Ready To Break Out Of The Bubble?
Opportunity for enhanced data collection process at variety display days could give breeding and research teams a leg up in vetting sensible selections. Read More
sweet-orange like hybrid peel
Varieties & Rootstocks
August 22, 2016
Florida Citrus Breeders Squeezed For Time
The pressure is on to develop a more HLB-tolerant orange. Read More
Chuck Allison of Spring Valley Farms inspects a young citrus tree
Citrus
August 18, 2016
Florida Farmer Takes Fresh Approach To Growing Citrus
New easy-peel, seedless varieties offer market potential. Read More
UF/IFAS researcher Fred Gmitter checking mandarin citrus trees
Varieties & Rootstocks
August 15, 2016
Genetic Markers Point Way To Breeding Better Mandarin Oranges
Scientists targeting qualitative and quantitative traits that would take tangerines to a new level. Read More
Citrus variety development white board illustration
Varieties & Rootstocks
July 16, 2016
For Citrus Variety Development, The Drawing Board Is Full
Progress apparent in pipeline of promising sponsored projects. Read More
AgroMillora's new tissue culture facility in Wildwood, FL
Varieties & Rootstocks
May 14, 2016
Florida Citrus Tissue Culture Lab Opens To Great Expectations
Brand new facility to serve as another beacon of hope amid the long shadow of HLB. Read More
Dooryard citrus tree in Florida
Varieties & Rootstocks
April 16, 2016
Dealing With The Dooryard Citrus Dilemma
While the added revenue that comes with consumer segment trees is nice, an elevated risk of pest pressure cannot be denied. Read More
Humorous take on the theory of evolution for citrus
Varieties & Rootstocks
March 23, 2016
Unnatural Selection Significant In Evolution Of Citrus
Breeding efforts helping bridge gap for growers in crisis. Read More
The Latest
Varieties & Rootstocks
May 23, 2017
In Quest for Low-Seeded Citrus, It Takes…
Momentum for viable mandarin hybrids for Florida reaching a peak in the land down under. Read More
Varieties & Rootstocks
May 18, 2017
Unique Citrus Variety Standing Up to Dea…
University of Florida researchers are peeling back the layers to find out what’s helping specific mandarin hybrid hold serve against HLB. Read More
Citrus
April 15, 2017
Georgia Citrus Seeking to Make Its Mark
Florida's neighbors to the north are getting serious about citrus, for good reason. Read More
Varieties & Rootstocks
March 16, 2017
Experimental Citrus Groves Disappearing …
Challenges to growth expand as vital research is in dire need of a home. Read More
Varieties & Rootstocks
February 22, 2017
Citrus Nurseries Analyze the Need for Se…
It seems many growers are more certain about their scion choices than they are about available rootstocks. Read More
Varieties & Rootstocks
January 18, 2017
5 Florida Citrus Nursery Trends Worth Wa…
Gleanings from recent grower gatherings expose opportunities and possibilities in new variety development and management. Read More
Varieties & Rootstocks
December 19, 2016
Finding Weak Links Key to Saving Florida…
Unique supply challenges placing a strain on restoration of the state’s acreage. Read More
Varieties & Rootstocks
November 29, 2016
Open Forum To Help Put More Florida Citr…
Growers, nurseries, and industry stakeholders invited to review and discuss pros and cons of rapid release program. Read More
Varieties & Rootstocks
November 18, 2016
Florida Citrus Connecting The Dots On Pr…
From modern mandarins, to the latest allure of lemons, progression is palpable. Read More
Varieties & Rootstocks
October 19, 2016
How Is The Citrus FAST TRACK Program Far…
Now that the oldest trees in the rapid evaluation system are two years old, growers are looking for a barometer check on their performance. Read More
Varieties & Rootstocks
September 20, 2016
Is Citrus Ready To Break Out Of The Bubb…
Opportunity for enhanced data collection process at variety display days could give breeding and research teams a leg up in vetting sensible selections. Read More
Varieties & Rootstocks
August 22, 2016
Florida Citrus Breeders Squeezed For Tim…
The pressure is on to develop a more HLB-tolerant orange. Read More
Citrus
August 18, 2016
Florida Farmer Takes Fresh Approach To G…
New easy-peel, seedless varieties offer market potential. Read More
Varieties & Rootstocks
August 15, 2016
Genetic Markers Point Way To Breeding Be…
Scientists targeting qualitative and quantitative traits that would take tangerines to a new level. Read More
Varieties & Rootstocks
July 16, 2016
For Citrus Variety Development, The Draw…
Progress apparent in pipeline of promising sponsored projects. Read More
Varieties & Rootstocks
May 14, 2016
Florida Citrus Tissue Culture Lab Opens …
Brand new facility to serve as another beacon of hope amid the long shadow of HLB. Read More
Varieties & Rootstocks
April 16, 2016
Dealing With The Dooryard Citrus Dilemma
While the added revenue that comes with consumer segment trees is nice, an elevated risk of pest pressure cannot be denied. Read More
Varieties & Rootstocks
March 23, 2016
Unnatural Selection Significant In Evolu…
Breeding efforts helping bridge gap for growers in crisis. Read More