Proper Stockpiling Can Maintain Almond Quality

As almond yields increase, growers may find themselves with more harvested crop than processors can handle. Proper stockpiling techniques can help maintain quality during the wait.

David Doll, pomology farm advisor for the University of California Cooperative Extension of Merced County, says that nearly all of the crop is harvested within 6-8 weeks, causing backups. Doll maintains a blog called “The Almond Doctor” through University of California Cooperative and shared his thoughts in a post titled Stockpiling Almonds During Harvest.

“The industry just has a lot of production capacity and a limited ability to process at a given time,” he says.

Doll says growers who stockpile should follow these guidelines:

  • Fumigate the pile for navel orangeworm. The pest can still pose a problem even after harvest. “It can continue to reproduce and feed on crop if it’s piled on the ground,” Doll says. Fumigation will kill the navel orangeworm eggs as well.
  • Harvest when moisture content of in-hull almonds is at or below 9%. The almond hulls should snap when bent. This reduces the chances of harmful molds such as aflatoxin. Proper drainage around the pile is key.
  • Moisture content of the pile should stay below 14%. Higher moisture levels and pile temperatures above 120 degrees can increase chances for molds or spontaneous combustion.
  • Use white-on-black tarps to cover the piles. Studies have shown that these tarps stabilize the pile temperature, keeping it cooler during the hottest parts of the day and warmer during the coolest parts of the night. Temperature fluctuations can contribute to condensation. Also, remove tarps during the day to allow moisture to evaporate.
  • Situate the pile length-wise from north to south, reducing the amount of the pile exposed to the sun throughout the day. That will help reduce condensation.

“It’s a lot of work,” Doll says. “There’s no doubt that it takes a lot of time, but it’s important to do it to reduce insect infestations and reduce aflatoxin and to maintain a high-quality product.”

Topics: , , ,

Leave a Reply

Harvesting Stories
Equipment
July 6, 2016
Options In Harvest Mechanization For Vegetable Growers
Depending on your goals, labor-saving devices are available to just about any grower, big or small. Two growers and an equipment manufacturer discuss the kinds of things you can do — and what it will mean for your production. Read More
Grapes
June 9, 2016
High-Tech Solutions Could Improve Grape Crop Estimates
Determining accurate estimates of grape crop yield is notoriously difficult, but new methods involving precision sensing technology could help growers Read More
Grapes
June 9, 2016
Washington Grape Growers Could See Early Harvest
Grape growers in eastern Washington who thought last year’s harvest was early could be in for another surprise. An unseasonably Read More
Berries
March 29, 2016
Mechanization In The Berry Patch Can Make Your Job Easier
Mechanical harvesters could be more of a necessity than a luxury for many fruit growers. Read More
Harvesting
March 29, 2016
Growers Could See Early Returns On Investment With New Harvesting Techniques
Research team in Michigan examines the use of berry harvester as gentler and more economical way to harvest tart cherries. Read More
Auto Draft
Equipment
October 5, 2015
Grimmway Farms Moves Plants With Robots
In phase one of what it hopes will be a series of trials, Grimmway Farms experimented with the concept of Read More
Grimmway's Harvest Automation robots
Equipment
October 5, 2015
Robots, Container Production, And The Future Of Vegetable Growing
Water. Labor. Affordable land. Transportation costs. As a vegetable grower, you face challenges like these every year — but lately Read More
Apples & Pears
September 30, 2015
Masters Of Maximizing Profit At Lamont Fruit Farms
Whatever you do, don’t go to Lamont Fruit Farms in Waterport, NY, and talk about saving money to be more Read More
Harvesting
August 25, 2015
Northwest Cherry Growers Release Preliminary Season Report
Northwest Cherry Growers (NWCG) report a preliminary shipped crop total of 20.52 million boxes. The record for June was 12.6 Read More
Berries
August 21, 2015
Naturipe Farms Challenges Developers To Create The Blueberry Harvester Of The Future
Naturipe Farms LLC., the global leader in growing and marketing blueberries, is challenging creative technology minds to innovate a better Read More
Apples & Pears
July 31, 2015
ReTain Now Registered For Double Application
ReTain plant growth regulator (PGR) has been registered by EPA with a new label use that allows pome fruit growers Read More
Harvesting
March 30, 2015
Optimize Your Asparagus Harvest
It is an exciting time of the year when asparagus spears start poking their heads out of the ground. Careful Read More
Apples & Pears
February 23, 2015
The State Of Mechanical Apple Harvesting
Breakthroughs in mechanization have been a long time coming, but recent advances combining the skills of both people and machines are bringing efficiencies to orchards of all sizes. Read More
Citrus
September 24, 2014
Politics Creating More Work In Farm Management Field
Paul Meador of Everglades Harvesting Co. says an immigration reform resolution can't come soon enough. Read More
Apples & Pears
September 2, 2014
Beware Of Fruit Rots During Apple Harvest
Conditions lately have been ripe for fungi fiasco. Read More
The Latest
Berries
December 13, 2016
Horsepower Mounting For Real-World Robot…
National Science Foundation awards grant for further development of potential industry game-changer. Read More
Harvesting
August 16, 2016
Proper Stockpiling Can Maintain Almond Q…
As almond yields increase, growers may find themselves with more harvested crop than processors can handle. Proper stockpiling techniques can Read More
Berries
July 12, 2016
Automated Strawberry Picker: One Step Cl…
Company receives U.S. Patent approval for continuous picking wheel on the machine. Read More
Equipment
July 6, 2016
Options In Harvest Mechanization For Veg…
Depending on your goals, labor-saving devices are available to just about any grower, big or small. Two growers and an equipment manufacturer discuss the kinds of things you can do — and what it will mean for your production. Read More
Grapes
June 9, 2016
High-Tech Solutions Could Improve Grape …
Determining accurate estimates of grape crop yield is notoriously difficult, but new methods involving precision sensing technology could help growers Read More
Grapes
June 9, 2016
Washington Grape Growers Could See Early…
Grape growers in eastern Washington who thought last year’s harvest was early could be in for another surprise. An unseasonably Read More
Berries
March 29, 2016
Mechanization In The Berry Patch Can Mak…
Mechanical harvesters could be more of a necessity than a luxury for many fruit growers. Read More
Harvesting
March 29, 2016
Growers Could See Early Returns On Inves…
Research team in Michigan examines the use of berry harvester as gentler and more economical way to harvest tart cherries. Read More
Equipment
October 5, 2015
Grimmway Farms Moves Plants With Robots
In phase one of what it hopes will be a series of trials, Grimmway Farms experimented with the concept of Read More
Equipment
October 5, 2015
Robots, Container Production, And The Fu…
Water. Labor. Affordable land. Transportation costs. As a vegetable grower, you face challenges like these every year — but lately Read More
Harvesting
September 30, 2015
Grimmway Farms Trials Robots And Contain…
In spring 2015, Grimmway Farms experimented with the concept of open field container production of vegetable plants, using robots from Read More
Apples & Pears
September 30, 2015
Masters Of Maximizing Profit At Lamont F…
Whatever you do, don’t go to Lamont Fruit Farms in Waterport, NY, and talk about saving money to be more Read More
Harvesting
August 25, 2015
Northwest Cherry Growers Release Prelimi…
Northwest Cherry Growers (NWCG) report a preliminary shipped crop total of 20.52 million boxes. The record for June was 12.6 Read More
Berries
August 21, 2015
Naturipe Farms Challenges Developers To …
Naturipe Farms LLC., the global leader in growing and marketing blueberries, is challenging creative technology minds to innovate a better Read More
Apples & Pears
July 31, 2015
ReTain Now Registered For Double Applica…
ReTain plant growth regulator (PGR) has been registered by EPA with a new label use that allows pome fruit growers Read More
Harvesting
March 30, 2015
Optimize Your Asparagus Harvest
It is an exciting time of the year when asparagus spears start poking their heads out of the ground. Careful Read More
Apples & Pears
February 23, 2015
The State Of Mechanical Apple Harvesting
Breakthroughs in mechanization have been a long time coming, but recent advances combining the skills of both people and machines are bringing efficiencies to orchards of all sizes. Read More
Citrus
September 24, 2014
Politics Creating More Work In Farm Mana…
Paul Meador of Everglades Harvesting Co. says an immigration reform resolution can't come soon enough. Read More