Michigan State University Produces New Potato

New Potatoes

Like nearly every other sector of the produce industry, the potato industry is under constant pressure to satisfy consumer and grower needs. According to David Douches, a professor in the Department of Crop and Soil Sciences at Michigan State University (MSU), the cultivated potato, Solanum tuberosum, is the most important vegetable crop and the fourth most important food crop in the world. In addition to the fresh market, the potato is an important food for the French fry, chipping, and starch processing industries. 

New varieties are central to the health and growth of the potato industry, Douches says, and MSU’s breeding program continues to address market and production-limiting traits. Key traits are chip quality (low reducing sugars) from storage, scab resistance, late blight resistance, beetle resistance, bruise resistance, starch content, abiotic stress, and nutritional enhancement. 

“If host plant resistance can be increased for both insects and pathogens, pest control costs can be reduced and production management strategies may be simplified,” Douches says.

Potato growers continue to seek chip-processing quality plus long-term storage, scab resistance, Potato Virus Y resistance, late blight resistance, and potato early dying resistance in new potato varieties, according to Douches.

“Among the chip-processing potatoes, there is a major effort across the breeding programs to combine chip-processing and scab resistance,” Douches says. “Also, there are efforts to identify any out-of-the-field chipping potatoes that will replace Atlantic.”

MSU’s breeding program has recently released Kalkaska, a scab-resistant chip-processing potato, and co-released a variety with University of Maine named Beacon Chipper, which has moderate common scab resistance and storage potential. The University of Wisconsin also released Megachip a few years ago that is growing in interest, Douches says.

“Simplot has been developing potatoes that have reduced blackspot bruise, resistance to sugar accumulation, and lower aspargine to improve processing quality,” he adds.

Douches says growers should look for new varieties from MSU, Cornell University, University of Wisconsin, University of Minnesota, and North Dakota State University in 2009. All of these universities have advanced breeding lines suited for the chip-processing market that should be released this year or soon after.

New Research Effort

Last fall, USDA’s National Research Iniative funded a four-year project to translate the advances in plant genomics to tools that can be used by potato and tomato breeders. The project, called the Solanaceae Coordinated Agricultural Project (SolCAP), is headed by Douches, who as project director involves scientists from Michigan State University, Cornell University, The Ohio State University, University of California-Davis, and Oregon State University.

“Through the research efforts, there will be mapping studies to link processing and nutitional traits with genetic markers the plant breeder can use in variety development,” Douches says. “Additional mapping studies will be supported in the breeding community to link resistance traits. This research will be coupled with workshops for the breeders to use the new marker technology.”

SolCAP will also be using www.eXtension.org to disseminate information to the potato and tomato industries in the coming years, Douches says. More information is available on the SolCAP Web site, www.solcap.msu.edu.

Leave a Reply

Featured Stories
broccoli_eastern-magic
Vegetables
December 10, 2016
Sakata Seed America 2016 Vegetable Variety Showcase
For more information, contact Sakata Seed America: 18095 Serene Dr., Morgan Hill, CA 408-778-7758; WEBSITE SakataVegetables.com FAX 408-778-7768; EMAIL [email protected] Read More
A new Italian cross of Gala and Elstar, Red Rubens® combines intense apple flavor with a pleasing sweet-tartness. The fruit is crisp, juicy and conical in shape. A favorite in Europe, it now is available in the U.S. by exclusive license with North American INN, LLC.  This is one of Van Well Nursery’s “Faces of the Future.” USPP#14,177
Fruits
December 10, 2016
Van Well Nursery 2017 Variety Showcase [Slideshow]
Van Well Nursery in Wenatchee, WA, presents a new Cripps Pink sport, new scab-free cultivar, new Italian cross of Gala and Elstar, and more. Read More
Photo by Frank Giles
Citrus
December 9, 2016
Latest Florida Citrus Crop Forecast Runs Flat
Despite crop protection challenges, all-orange production projection from USDA remains unchanged. Read More
Buckeye® Prime is a beautiful mutation of the original Buckeye® Gala with a brighter cherry-red color and much heavier striping. Buckeye® Prime retains the original Buckeye ability to color in hot climates. Buckeye® Prime is virtually 100% red with a bold, darker-red stripe and the same ability as its parent to produce high-quality, beautiful apples. USPP 24,639
Fruits
December 9, 2016
Summit Tree Sales 2017 Variety Showcase [Slideshow]
Summit Tree Sales in Lawrence, MI, presents an early apple for the fresh market, early-to-mid-season cherries, a sweet freestone peach, and more. Read More
Knox Medical medicinal cannabis product display
Citrus
December 8, 2016
A Look Inside Florida’s Newest Cannabis Cultivation Facility
Given the official go-ahead to dispense alternative medicine, Knox Medical unveils its state-of-the-art lab. Read More
Scarlet Crush™
Our new Honeycrisp/Pink Lady® cross is sweet with citrusy notes, plus all that famous Honeycrisp snap and juiciness. Up to to 3” pink/rosy-red fruit is uniform, conical and very attractive. A fine cooking and fresh-eating apple. Keeps up to 6 months. Ripens as early as late September. USPPAF. Best pollinators: Starkspur® Red Rome Beauty, Stark® Jon-A-Red® Jonathan or any Golden Delicious. Zones: 3-6.
Fruits
December 8, 2016
Stark Bro’s Nurseries & Orchards Co. 2017 Variety Showcase [Slideshow]
For more information on these varieties, contact Stark Bro’s Nurseries & Orchards. Stark Bro’s Nurseries & Orchards P.O. Box 398 Read More
Past industry efforts to discover Paradox hybrid seedlings (Juglans hindsii x J. regia) with superior traits have led to advanced selections of Paradox clones, each with unique characteristics. The University of California selection, RX 1, is a top-choice for Sacramento Valley walnut orchardists and others looking for resistance to Phytopthora and good survivability. RX 1 is a cross of Juglans microcarpa x J. regia. It is showing to be one of the most adaptable walnut rootstocks, producing a large tree with the highest yields in replicated trials. USPP#20,649 P3
Fruits
December 7, 2016
Sierra Gold Nursery 2017 Variety Showcase [Slideshow]
Sierra Gold Nurseries in Yuba City, CA, offers two walnut rootstocks, a salt-tolerant pistachio rootstock, and more. Read More
Action shot of an automated strawberry picker from Harvest CROO
Equipment
December 6, 2016
USDA Announces $3 Million For Robotic Agriculture Research
More evidence being found about how people can benefit from automation in the field. Read More
billevans
Apple Grower of the Year
December 6, 2016
2014 Apple Grower Of The Year Bill Evans Dies
Legendary apple grower Bill Evans, who along with his wife, Jeannette, farmed more apple acreage than any grower in the Read More
weedy watermelon field
Crop Protection
December 6, 2016
New Fact Sheet Analyzes Weed Seeds And Their Longevity
Topics covered include how weed seeds travel, when they germinate, and ways they can be eliminated. Read More
The Latest
Vegetables
December 10, 2016
Sakata Seed America 2016 Vegetable Varie…
For more information, contact Sakata Seed America: 18095 Serene Dr., Morgan Hill, CA 408-778-7758; WEBSITE SakataVegetables.com FAX 408-778-7768; EMAIL [email protected] Read More
Fruits
December 10, 2016
Van Well Nursery 2017 Variety Showcase […
Van Well Nursery in Wenatchee, WA, presents a new Cripps Pink sport, new scab-free cultivar, new Italian cross of Gala and Elstar, and more. Read More
Citrus
December 9, 2016
Latest Florida Citrus Crop Forecast Runs…
Despite crop protection challenges, all-orange production projection from USDA remains unchanged. Read More
Fruits
December 9, 2016
Summit Tree Sales 2017 Variety Showcase …
Summit Tree Sales in Lawrence, MI, presents an early apple for the fresh market, early-to-mid-season cherries, a sweet freestone peach, and more. Read More
Citrus
December 8, 2016
A Look Inside Florida’s Newest Cannabis …
Given the official go-ahead to dispense alternative medicine, Knox Medical unveils its state-of-the-art lab. Read More
Fruits
December 8, 2016
Stark Bro’s Nurseries & Orchards Co.…
For more information on these varieties, contact Stark Bro’s Nurseries & Orchards. Stark Bro’s Nurseries & Orchards P.O. Box 398 Read More
Fruits
December 7, 2016
Sierra Gold Nursery 2017 Variety Showcas…
Sierra Gold Nurseries in Yuba City, CA, offers two walnut rootstocks, a salt-tolerant pistachio rootstock, and more. Read More
Equipment
December 6, 2016
USDA Announces $3 Million For Robotic Ag…
More evidence being found about how people can benefit from automation in the field. Read More
Apple Grower of the Year
December 6, 2016
2014 Apple Grower Of The Year Bill Evans…
Legendary apple grower Bill Evans, who along with his wife, Jeannette, farmed more apple acreage than any grower in the Read More
Crop Protection
December 6, 2016
New Fact Sheet Analyzes Weed Seeds And T…
Topics covered include how weed seeds travel, when they germinate, and ways they can be eliminated. Read More
Crop Protection
December 6, 2016
Scientists Aim To Improve Nitrogen, Wate…
Genetic research intends to develop varieties with enhanced nutrient uptake. Read More
Citrus
December 6, 2016
Report: Florida Cannabis Business To App…
Lofty projections include a compound annual growth rate of 140%. Read More
Citrus
December 6, 2016
Florida Citrus Community Tasked To Unify…
A group effort is necessary to forge ahead. Read More
Crop Protection
December 6, 2016
Orondis Opti Fungicide Receives Registra…
The product provides control of Oomycete diseases in vegetables and other specialty crops. Read More
Fruits
December 6, 2016
Fowler Nurseries, Inc. 2017 Variety Show…
For more information on these varieties, contact Fowler Nurseries, Inc. Fowler Nurseries, Inc. 525 Fowler Rd. Newcastle, CA 9565827 Phone: Read More
Vegetables
December 6, 2016
Rupp Seeds 2016 Vegetable Variety Showca…
For more information, contact, Rupp Seeds: 17919 County Rd. B, Wauseon, OH 43567 800-700-1199; WEBSITE www.RuppSeeds.com FAX 419-337-5491; EMAIL [email protected] Read More
Farm Marketing
December 6, 2016
Registration Is Open For 32nd Annual Nor…
The six-day event for agritourism operators heads to the Northeast with highlights including bus tours, educational sessions and workshops, and business exchange. Read More
Insect & Disease Update
December 5, 2016
Best Practices For Bactericides Key To V…
Approval finally cleared for antimicrobial applications, and now growers wait and hope to see positive results. Read More