Report: FDA Needs More Efficient Approach To Food Safety

FDA’s abilities to discover potential threats to food safety and prevent outbreaks of foodborne illness are hampered by impediments to efficient use of its limited resources, says a new report by the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council.

To more proactively tackle food safety problems, FDA should implement a risk-based approach in which data and expertise are marshaled to pinpoint where along the production, distribution, and handling chains there is the greatest potential for contamination and other problems, the report says. The agency would then be able to direct appropriate amounts of its resources and attention to those high-risk areas and increase the chances of catching problems before they turn into widespread outbreaks, said the committee that wrote the report.

The report offers FDA a blueprint for developing a risk-based model. It also outlines several organizational steps the agency should take to improve the efficiency of its many food safety activities, such as increasing coordination with state and other federal agencies that share responsibility for protecting the nation’s food supply. In addition, the report says Congress should consider amending the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act to explicitly provide the authority FDA needs to fulfill its food safety mission.

“As recent illnesses traced to produce underscore, foodborne diseases cause significant suffering, so it’s imperative that our food safety system functions effectively at all levels,” said committee chair Robert Wallace, professor, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City. “FDA uses some risk assessment and management tactics, but the agency’s approach is too often reactive and lacks a systematic focus on prevention. Our report’s recommendations aim to help FDA achieve a comprehensive vision for proactively protecting against threats to the nation’s food supply.”

FDA is responsible for ensuring the safety of approximately 80% of the nation’s food supply, including seafood, dairy products, and fruits, and vegetables. Although it is not the sole organization overseeing food safety — USDA handles meat, poultry, and egg products, and state and local agencies share in conducting food production facility inspections, surveillance, and investigations of outbreaks — recent outbreaks of foodborne illness led to a congressional request for a review of gaps in FDA’s food safety system.

The agency has been criticized for not adequately monitoring and inspecting food suppliers and distributors and for not taking a proactive approach to food safety overall. However, given that FDA is responsible for more than 150,000 food facilities, more than 1 million restaurants and other retail food establishments, and more than 2 million farms, as well as millions of tons of imports, it lacks the resources to sufficiently monitor the entire food supply, the committee noted.

A risk-based approach would give FDA’s food safety officials the strategic vision needed to evaluate and plan for food safety concerns rather than tackling problems on a case-by-case basis, the report says. Without good information, agency officials cannot identify where its resources are needed most or determine which policy interventions are most effective. The agency should identify its data needs and review its policies for sharing data with other agencies and organizations.

The federal government should establish a centralized food safety data center outside of the regulatory agencies to collect information and conduct rapid, sophisticated assessments of food safety risks and appropriate policy interventions. This center would go a long way toward developing much-needed capacity and would reduce interagency competition for resources, the committee said. It could also serve as an intermediate step toward consolidating food safety activities within a single agency, which many individuals and organizations have called for.

To enhance its efficiency, FDA should explore alternative approaches to regulating food safety, such as delegating food facility inspections to the states, the report says. FDA should establish national standards for the intensity and frequency of these facility reviews and help states and local municipalities bring their safety programs up to those standards. Once all programs are standardized, FDA should train and certify state inspectors with the goal of turning over the majority of inspections to them under the agency’s supervision. This change would build on current practices in which roughly 60% of inspections are already conducted by state inspectors under contract with FDA. This integration and leveraging of resources would increase the quality of inspections and eliminate duplication of effort, the committee said.

Despite the dramatic developments in food production and distribution that have occurred over the years, the main statutory provisions under which FDA carries out its food safety responsibilities remain largely unchanged. Although various provisions give the agency broad discretion and flexibility through which it has been able to control potential problems, there are instances in which FDA lacks specific authority, which can make its actions vulnerable to court challenge. Congress should examine how the legislation could be revised to detail FDA’s authorities in facility registration, preventive controls, risk-based inspection, mandatory recall, reporting of adulteration, and banning of food imports if the public’s health is at risk, among other areas.

The report was requested by Congress and sponsored by USDA. The National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, Institute of Medicine, and National Research Council make up the National Academies.

Copies of Enhancing Food Safety: The Role of the Food and Drug Administration are available from the National Academies Press by calling 202-334-3313 or 800-624-6242 or by going to www.nap.edu.

Source: Institute of Medicine and National Research Council news release

Leave a Reply

Featured Stories

Insect & Disease UpdateDon’t Wait For The Other Fruit To Drop [Opinion]
December 21, 2014
With all the positive vibes seeming to flow from the Florida citrus industry, why is everyone still so nervous? Read More
CitrusAg Land Value Goes Back To The Future
December 20, 2014
Good ground and longevity are the best positions moving forward. Read More
VegetablesSeminis Hosts Growers For Its 2014 Southeastern Field Day
December 19, 2014
Seed company showcases new varieties available now and in the pipeline. Read More
CitrusFeed The People With Food And Food For Thought [Opinion]
December 19, 2014
Educating the general public about agriculture is a daunting task that can be accomplished one bite at a time. Read More
CucurbitsNew Product Takes Aim At Nematodes
December 19, 2014
NIMITZ receives EPA and Florida registrations. Read More
Crop ProtectionSuccess Sans Methyl Bromide Could Prove Costly
December 19, 2014
Economic factors must be accounted for when seeking a suitable replacement. Read More
VegetablesEnza Zaden Cuts Ribbon For New Florida Vegetable Research Facility
December 18, 2014
Seed company shows off new digs and new varieties at its Myakka City field station. Read More
VegetablesRispens Seeds Highlights Their Latest Vegetable Varieties
December 18, 2014
For more information, contact: Rispens Seeds 1357 Dutch American Way, P.O. Box 310, Beecher, IL 60401 708-946-6560; 888-874-0241; fax: 708-946-6115 Read More
Protected Agriculture2014 Marks The 50th Anniversary Of The Double-Poly Greenhouse [sponsor content]
December 18, 2014
Double-poly greenhouses revolutionized the greenhouse industry back in the 1960s, opening the way for developments that still impact the industry 50 years later. Read More
CitrusSouthwest Florida Citrus Bus Tour Yields Learning Opportunity
December 18, 2014
Find out what Florida Grower editor Frank Giles saw and heard during Peace River Valley Citrus Growers Association's annual outing. Read More

The Latest

Insect & Disease UpdateDon’t Wait For The Other Fruit To Drop [Opinion]
December 21, 2014
With all the positive vibes seeming to flow from the Florida citrus industry, why is everyone still so nervous? Read More
CitrusAg Land Value Goes Back To The Future
December 20, 2014
Good ground and longevity are the best positions moving forward. Read More
VegetablesSeminis Hosts Growers For Its 2014 Southeastern Field D…
December 19, 2014
Seed company showcases new varieties available now and in the pipeline. Read More
CitrusFeed The People With Food And Food For Thought [Opinion…
December 19, 2014
Educating the general public about agriculture is a daunting task that can be accomplished one bite at a time. Read More
CucurbitsNew Product Takes Aim At Nematodes
December 19, 2014
NIMITZ receives EPA and Florida registrations. Read More
Crop ProtectionSuccess Sans Methyl Bromide Could Prove Costly
December 19, 2014
Economic factors must be accounted for when seeking a suitable replacement. Read More
VegetablesEnza Zaden Cuts Ribbon For New Florida Vegetable Resear…
December 18, 2014
Seed company shows off new digs and new varieties at its Myakka City field station. Read More
VegetablesRispens Seeds Highlights Their Latest Vegetable Varieti…
December 18, 2014
For more information, contact: Rispens Seeds 1357 Dutch American Way, P.O. Box 310, Beecher, IL 60401 708-946-6560; 888-874-0241; fax: 708-946-6115 Read More
Protected Agriculture2014 Marks The 50th Anniversary Of The Double-Poly Gree…
December 18, 2014
Double-poly greenhouses revolutionized the greenhouse industry back in the 1960s, opening the way for developments that still impact the industry 50 years later. Read More
CitrusSouthwest Florida Citrus Bus Tour Yields Learning Oppor…
December 18, 2014
Find out what Florida Grower editor Frank Giles saw and heard during Peace River Valley Citrus Growers Association's annual outing. Read More
Fruits6 Food Trends For 2015
December 17, 2014
University of Florida experts predict what will be cooking for the upcoming year. Read More
VegetablesReed’s Seeds Showcases Their Latest Vegetable Var…
December 17, 2014
For more information, contact: Reed’s Seeds 3334 NYS 215 Cortland, NY 13045 607-753-9095; fax: 607-753-9511 rsjackie@twcny.rr.com Read More
CitrusStudy: Florida Citrus Valued At More Than $10 Billion
December 17, 2014
Industry continues to have large impact on the state’s economy. Read More
Apples & PearsNovember Cold May Hurt Washington Orchards
December 17, 2014
But it’s too early to tell if well-below-normal temperatures will increase tree mortality. Read More
NutsAlmond Growers Lose Trees In Storm
December 17, 2014
Last week’s welcome rains in California knocked down trees, especially older ones. Read More
NutsAlmond Conference Draws Record Attendance
December 17, 2014
Nearly 3,000 industry professionals attend 42nd annual event in Sacramento, CA. Read More
Insect & Disease UpdateManage HLB From The Bottom Up
December 17, 2014
Finding the right balance between the roots and shoots is critical to disease mitigation. Read More
VegetablesVariety Trials 2014: Seedway
December 17, 2014
As part of American Vegetable Grower’s (AVG) 2014 variety trial coverage, we visited Seedway’s seed trial at Spiral Path Organic Farm in Loysville, Read More