Practical Solutions Are Bringing Precision Agriculture Closer to Earth

Specialty crop growers may sometimes feel as if the precision agriculture and ag tech sectors are talking right past them. “No, that technology for corn and soybean growers may not be relevant for me.” “Yes, I have challenges that are very different from what you might find in commodity crops” – e.g., labor, to name just one monstrous example.

Precision Ag Specialty Crops logoAs such, any grower of fruits, nuts, citrus, and vegetables might have loved to have been a fly on the wall at Global AgInvesting’s recent GAI AgTech Week in Boston, MA, where a handful of growers took to the stage to describe what they believe to be their most tech-ready challenges.

The Scarcity and High Cost of Labor

For growers in the West particularly, the rosy days of plentiful and relatively inexpensive migrant labor are just about over. The 15- to 35-year-old age cohort in Mexico – the well from which most migrant labor historically has been drawn – is expected to be on a long decline through the 2030s.

As a result, in California citrus “we’re paying $16.50 per hour for labor, fully loaded” – meaning wages plus benefits – said Jeffrey Steen, Partner in Kachina LLC and a third-generation grower of permanent crops. With pressure to increase the minimum wage, that could rise to $22 per hour fully loaded. “That’s up to almost autoworker levels,” he said.

Daniel Rothrock, Comptroller at Piepel Premium Fruit in Wenatchee, WA, said his company now spends an average of $10,000 per acre on labor – 60% of it on harvest. In high-density apples the cost of labor can run as high as $14,000 to $18,000 per acre, he said.

Precision Ag Vision Conference adAnd that’s when the crop is actually harvested. Rothrock said 40% of the high-value ‘Honeycrisp’ apple crop in Washington State is thrown away because growers don’t have the labor to harvest it. “We’re talking huge potential profits here” for anyone who developing a technological solution, Rothrock said, and it’s “right there for the picking.”

Some current technologies do of course offer hope. Rothrock said his company is switching much of its focus to the packinghouse where electronic sorting and packaging can make a big impact – especially so if Amazon’s recent acquisition of Whole Foods brings new expectations for standardized packing, which could “really impact our logistics.”

Steen happily played a video of Abundant Robotics’ robotic apple harvester as a fine example of how technology can really resolve growers’ pain points – and there are many.

“How many of you have heard of Compac Sort?” Steen asked the audience of mostly ag-tech innovators and the financial types who fund them. Not a hand went up. The New Zealand manufacturer of packing and sorting equipment has brought “the biggest labor saver in citrus in 20 years, and no one here has heard of them.”

Addressing Critical Everyday Needs

But not every technology needs to be revolutionary, suggested Alan Boyce, Executive Chairman of Materra Farming Co., a diversified producer in Bakersfield, CA. A lot of little things can add up to big solutions. “We’re trying to automate as much as we can,” he said, including tree-shaking, fertigation, and irrigation. Now Materra also is looking closely at automating pest control, which potentially starts to widen the traditional definition of ag tech and precision agriculture.

Boyce cited a few key examples:

  • Insect mating disruptors like Semios and Provivi. Using such solutions “is like turning on the lights at the prom after the slow dance is over,” Boyce said, because the male insect never finds the female. Better, the product potentially eliminates the need for a driver to do field spraying.
  • Ortomec Cleaner 2, a self-propelled cutting and vacuuming machine. “Fungus is a real problem in lettuce, and we’re losing ground every year,” Boyce said. Rather than sending workers into the field with rakes to clean the crop bed, the Ortomec is “the perfect field cleaner. It’s the best solution to date for solving that one problem.”
  • TrapView automatic insect monitoring. Pest Control Advisers currently “spend 80% of their time riding from trap to trap,” monitoring insect populations, Boyce noted. “What a waste of time. And the work is often hot and dusty.” Instead, TrapView’s combination of a pheromone trap and high-resolution cameras yields daily automated monitoring of the pest situation in orchards so PCAs don’t have to.
  • GenZ Technology ground-based spray equipment – another solution to fungus in leafy greens. The GenZ blows air up and under lettuce and spinach leaves and prevents fungus. Boyce pointed out the the lightweight construction of the hitch-mounted tool and wondered why it couldn’t be made into an aerial-based device that can hover over a field.

Precision Irrigation and More

Meanwhile, real-world use of precision water management brings additional – and practical — heft to the ag-tech sector. This comes in the nick of time. Growers increasingly are being forced to use water like they use fertilizer, said Jocelyn Boudreau, CEO and Co-Founder of Hortau – that is, with great care and in minimal amounts. Drip irrigation now covers two-thirds of the irrigated land in California, which swung heavily to adoption during the recent drought, according to Aric Olson, President of Jain Irrigation.

Olson said Jain, which recently acquired two large micro-irrigation dealers in California, anticipates increasing deployment of ag technology through irrigation systems – not only through use of, say, iPads to manage irrigation remotely, but also sensor-based crop models that send alerts growers and their advisers alerts about when to irrigate and when to fertigate.

Are there more innovations coming? Participants at the conference expressed confidence – and hope – that there are. Jacob Carter, Founder and CEO of Tellus Partners and a third-generation rancher, said that “we’re still in the infant stages of developing this ag-tech sector.”

However, growing the sector to maturity likely will require a deeper meeting of the minds between technologists and agriculturists. One panelist relayed an astute observation made by Ben Chostner of Blue River Technology, developer of the See & Spray technology, who said: “The problems of agriculture are not going to be solved by a guy sitting in an office in Silicon Valley.”

Topics:

Leave a Reply

Citrus Stories
Citrus
July 22, 2017
Representative from Washington Proposes Amendment to H-2A Program
Move broadens use of H-2A to all of agriculture to include those with multiple crops and harvests. Read More
Insect & Disease Update
July 21, 2017
University of California Launches Website to Update Growers on Citrus Research
Easy-to-read format designed to give growers up-to-date information on huanglongbing and Asian citrus psyllid research. Read More
Hurricane Matthew satellite image as it brushed past Florida
Citrus
July 20, 2017
Atlantic Hurricane Forecast Taken Up a Notch
Current conditions in the tropics warrant marked revision in potential storm season scenarios. Read More
Sunset on Florida potato field day
Citrus
July 19, 2017
Researchers On a Mission to Find More Places for Growing Produce
Federal grant to aid exploration of food security solutions for the future. Read More
Citrus
July 19, 2017
Farm Labor Stories Making the News This Week
The agricultural labor shortage is strong enough that the consumer press is beginning to report on it regularly. Here are the stories making headlines this month. Read More
farm hacks collage
Citrus
July 19, 2017
Florida Grower Magazine is Seeking Your Farm Hacks
Life hacks are common in social media threads these days. They are those clever ideas or tricks aimed at making Read More
Rain drops on leaf
Citrus
July 14, 2017
Everglades Agricultural Area Farmers Winning at Water Quality
Annual report shows use of best management practices results in another massive reduction in phosphorus flow. Read More
Citrus
July 13, 2017
The Road is Long to Farm Bill 2018 [Opinion]
Participation in this process will be crucial to ensure your needs are understood and addressed. Read More
2015 FFVA Annual Convention crowd
Citrus
July 13, 2017
Trade Talk to Top Florida Fruit & Vegetable Association Convention Agenda
Trade issues are top of mind these days for specialty crop producers. Efforts have been underway since early this year Read More
Citrus
July 12, 2017
Shaky Florida Citrus Season Skids to a Stop
Final USDA tally confirms continuing downward trend of production in the HLB era. Read More
Smaller John Deere tractor for use in citrus screenhouse
Citrus Achievement Award
July 12, 2017
Encourage New Citrus Growth by Getting Back to Basics
2017 Florida Grower Citrus Achievement Award winner Ed Pines says producing crops under protective screen is a way to farm more and stress less. Read More
Beet-armyworms-on-a-tomato-plant
Citrus
July 12, 2017
Tomato Pests Can Be Induced to Cannibalism, New Study Shows
The University of Wisconsin's John Orrock says when beet armyworms are exposed to concentrations of methyl jasmonate, they will abandon eating tomatoes — and start eating one another. Read More
Citrus
July 12, 2017
USDA Pulls 8 Products from Approved Organic Production List
After a few months of speculation, the USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service has published its Sunset 2017 final rule on approved products for organic production and handling. Read More
Drone-aided photo of Ed Pines' CUPS
Varieties & Rootstocks
July 11, 2017
Florida Citrus Growers Going Inside to Think Outside the Box
Producing fruit under protective screen is developing into a viable option for sustaining the Sunshine State’s signature crop. Read More
Carl and Dustin Grooms of Fancy Farms
Business Planning
July 11, 2017
Young Florida Farmers Ready to Take the Reins
As growers age, the next generation is stepping up and stepping into leadership roles on the farm. Read More
The Latest
Citrus
July 26, 2017
Despite Controversy, Most Major Ag Group…
Most of the major agricultural associations are coming out in support of President Donald Trump’s nomination of Sam Clovis to Read More
Citrus
July 26, 2017
If We Want American Farm Workers, We Hav…
Now is the time to lobby for ways to attract American labor. One idea? Offer college tuition and student loan forgiveness in exchange for farm work. Read More
Citrus
July 23, 2017
USDA Invests $7.6 Million toward Benefic…
Projects to promote beneficial organisms as part of a pest control strategy. Read More
Citrus
July 22, 2017
Representative from Washington Proposes …
Move broadens use of H-2A to all of agriculture to include those with multiple crops and harvests. Read More
Citrus
July 20, 2017
Atlantic Hurricane Forecast Taken Up a N…
Current conditions in the tropics warrant marked revision in potential storm season scenarios. Read More
Citrus
July 19, 2017
Researchers On a Mission to Find More Pl…
Federal grant to aid exploration of food security solutions for the future. Read More
Citrus
July 19, 2017
Farm Labor Stories Making the News This …
The agricultural labor shortage is strong enough that the consumer press is beginning to report on it regularly. Here are the stories making headlines this month. Read More
Citrus
July 19, 2017
Florida Grower Magazine is Seeking Your …
Life hacks are common in social media threads these days. They are those clever ideas or tricks aimed at making Read More
Citrus
July 14, 2017
Everglades Agricultural Area Farmers Win…
Annual report shows use of best management practices results in another massive reduction in phosphorus flow. Read More
Citrus
July 13, 2017
The Road is Long to Farm Bill 2018 [Opin…
Participation in this process will be crucial to ensure your needs are understood and addressed. Read More
Citrus
July 13, 2017
Trade Talk to Top Florida Fruit & Ve…
Trade issues are top of mind these days for specialty crop producers. Efforts have been underway since early this year Read More
Citrus
July 12, 2017
Shaky Florida Citrus Season Skids to a S…
Final USDA tally confirms continuing downward trend of production in the HLB era. Read More
Citrus
July 12, 2017
Tomato Pests Can Be Induced to Cannibali…
The University of Wisconsin's John Orrock says when beet armyworms are exposed to concentrations of methyl jasmonate, they will abandon eating tomatoes — and start eating one another. Read More
Citrus
July 12, 2017
USDA Pulls 8 Products from Approved Orga…
After a few months of speculation, the USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service has published its Sunset 2017 final rule on approved products for organic production and handling. Read More
Business Planning
July 11, 2017
Young Florida Farmers Ready to Take the …
As growers age, the next generation is stepping up and stepping into leadership roles on the farm. Read More
Citrus
July 10, 2017
Florida Reveals Its Latest Woman of the …
2017 award recipient a true trailblazer and champion for the advancement of the state’s farming industry. Read More
Citrus
July 10, 2017
Practical Solutions Are Bringing Precisi…
Growing the budding ag-tech sector to maturity likely will require a deeper meeting of the minds between technologists and agriculturists. Read More
Business Planning
July 10, 2017
Farming for Online Sales Will Require Gr…
Modern agriculture might not be for everyone, but it’s here to stay. Embrace it. Read More