On August 10, 2009, USDA Animal Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) announced the Plant Protection Research and Development Office in the Thailand Department of Agriculture signed off on import protocols for fresh table-stock and chip-stock potatoes from the U.S. On Oct. 13, 2009, APHIS announced the same Thai office completed an import protocol for U.S. seed potatoes from the states of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and California.
These three agreements culminated 18 months of work by APHIS, USDA Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), and the U.S. potato industry—National Potato Council (NPC), United States Potato Board (USPB), and state potato grower organizations. Without these protocols in place, U.S. fresh and seed potatoes were not allowed to enter the country, or faced a set of phytosanitary requirements that were difficult to meet. Now, U.S. fresh and seed potatoes are allowed to enter under a set of standardized phytosanitary requirements that protect Thailand, but also allow trade to occur in a smooth and transparent manner.
For all three products, the Thai government requires importers to first obtain import permits. The allocation of these permits, particularly for table-stock potatoes, has the potential to restrict U.S. exports in the near term; however, the U.S. potato industry continues to work with FAS to seek adjustments to this system.
The seed potato agreement is the first step to opening the Thai market to all U.S. seed potatoes. The Thai government requires a visit to each seed growing area before approving that area for export. Due to timing constraints, the Thais were only able to visit the four listed states this summer; however, they agreed to return in 2010 to review seed production and certification in additional U.S. states so these, too, may be added to the protocol.
The USPB conducts a marketing program in Thailand for chipping potatoes and has been very successful in getting chip processors in the country interested in U.S. chip-stock. At present, the three major processors in Thailand all purchase U.S. potatoes.
Exports of fresh potatoes to Thailand have grown from 92 metric tons (approximately 2,028 cwt) in 2004 and 2005 to 8,493 metric tons (approximately 187,239 cwt), valued at $2.8 million in the 2008 and 2009 July/June marketing year (MY). Total world exports to Thailand in MY08 and 09 were 30,283 MT (about 679,531 cwt), so U.S. exports to Thailand should continue to grow.
Thailand produces potato chips for markets throughout Asia and grows a substantial number of chipping potatoes. The demand for higher quality seed potatoes will result in export sales from the U.S. in future years.
Source: United States Potato Board and the National Potato Council