Self-Compatible Almond Tree Released

Burchell Nursery has developed a new commercial almond tree that can be called a stand-alone variety. The Lone Star, the result of 11 years of painstaking crosses, is finally shining bright.

Lone Star produces attractive, light-colored kernels that look similar to Nonpareil or Sonora. (Photo Credit: The Burchell Nursery)
Lone Star produces attractive, light-colored kernels that look similar to Nonpareil or Sonora.
(Photo Credit: The Burchell Nursery)

Ron Boone, a Burchell field representative, says the quality of the nuts produced by Lone Star is excellent, and the kernel blanches well. “We showed it to handlers and they were very favorable,” he says. “They said it was just like Nonpareil so the grower should get a good price.”

The variety blooms early, about four days before Nonpareil, and it harvests about 7-10 days after. Some researchers think the production will go down in self-compatible trees as they age, Boone says, as they will essentially become less self-compatible. Because of that, Burchell is recommending a 90% Lone Star to 10% Nonpareil planting ratio. “In the almond business, we’re all about production,” he says, “so we just think it’s a prudent way to plant long term.”

Compatible With Others
Besides being self-compatible and pollinating Nonpareil, Lone Star also pollinates Avalon, Wood Colony, Price, Aldrich, and Monterey. In talking with growers, Boone says they value high returns, but also want a safety net. “If they have 100 acres, and all 100 acres blooms at once and a storm comes, they’re stuck,” he says. “They need to spread out risk as far as the weather is concerned.”

Lone Star, the new self-compatible almond variety from The Burchell Nursery, is a large, vigorous, somewhat upright tree. (Photo credit: The Burchell Nursery)
Lone Star, the new self-compatible almond variety from The Burchell Nursery, is a large, vigorous, somewhat upright tree.
(Photo credit: The Burchell Nursery)

Lone Star is also a large, vigorous tree which can provide advantages, says Boone. “There’s something to be said for vigor,” he says. “If you have a heavy crop load and you have high vigor you can still set a nice crop the following year.”

In addition, the nuts are not bunched together on Lone Star, as they tend to do on some almond varieties. “It’s not a ‘clustery’ type,” he says. “It distributes the crop load evenly which limits limb breakage.”

More To Come
Lone Star will be available on a limited basis in 2015, says Boone, and will be fully available in 2016. The variety was developed by Burchell’s own John Slaughter, who Boone says is the industry’s only in-house plant breeder. The first and only other self-compatible variety to be made commercially available, Dave Wilson Nursery’s Independence, was developed by Zaiger Genetics.

Lone Star doesn’t generally produce nuts in clusters. The crop load is spread throughout the tree. (Photo credit: The Burchell Nursery)
Lone Star doesn’t generally produce nuts in clusters. The crop load is spread throughout the tree.
(Photo credit: The Burchell Nursery)

Boone says Slaughter is keeping busy, and Lone Star is likely the first in a series of self-compatible almond varieties that will be introduced by Burchell, as a couple others may be unveiled in the next few years. “The harvest and bloom time would be different than Lone Star so you’d get some diversification,” he says. “We want to let the grower spread the risk.”

Topics: , ,

Leave a Reply

Fruits Stories
BerriesWebinar To Offer Management And Monitoring Tips For Spotted Wing Drosophila
April 27, 2015
Trapping tips, cultural controls, and how to test fruit will be among the topics covered by experts from Ohio State Read More
Apple Grower of the YearTerhune Orchards Celebrates 40th Anniversary
April 24, 2015
It’s a Mount-u-mental celebration for the 2005 Apple Grower Of The Year and family. Read More
FruitsEast, Midwest Braces For Cold Snap
April 24, 2015
Growers keep an eye on the thermometer as temperatures dip into the mid to low 20s. Read More
Apples & PearsAPHIS Proposal To Allow Apples From China Becomes Rule
April 23, 2015
Growers in China expected to follow set standards of production to prevent possible importing of new pests. Read More
Havana, Cuba view
CitrusRenewed Relations With Cuba A Concern For Florida Growers [Opinion]
April 23, 2015
It might be said Sunshine State producers are worried if wider trade is opened as the potential for competing winter crops is real. Read More
Apples & PearsFruit Processor To Expand Operations In Virginia
April 22, 2015
Andros Foods North America to invest $73 million in area and hiring 160. Read More
FruitsOverturned Truck Dumps Millions Of Bees On Highway
April 22, 2015
The truck with 448 hives was headed to a farm in Washington. Read More
The Latest
CitrusWestern Growers Joins Forces With Technology Venture Ca…
April 27, 2015
Growers association and Silicon Valley Global Partners will collaborate on two California innovation centers, one in the Silicon Valley, one in the nation's salad bowl, Salinas. Read More
CitrusCalifornia Drought Forum Slated For May 5
April 27, 2015
Public comments by growers, ranchers, and other stakeholders are encouraged by state officials. Read More
drought sign water crisis
Apples & PearsDiversification: A Response To Drought [Opinion]
April 27, 2015
With Governor Jerry Brown’s announcement of mandatory use reductions, the general public in California is getting a wake-up call on Read More
Apple Grower of the YearTerhune Orchards Celebrates 40th Anniversary
April 24, 2015
It’s a Mount-u-mental celebration for the 2005 Apple Grower Of The Year and family. Read More
FruitsEast, Midwest Braces For Cold Snap
April 24, 2015
Growers keep an eye on the thermometer as temperatures dip into the mid to low 20s. Read More
Havana, Cuba view
CitrusRenewed Relations With Cuba A Concern For Florida Growe…
April 23, 2015
It might be said Sunshine State producers are worried if wider trade is opened as the potential for competing winter crops is real. Read More
Apples & PearsFruit Processor To Expand Operations In Virginia
April 22, 2015
Andros Foods North America to invest $73 million in area and hiring 160. Read More
FruitsOverturned Truck Dumps Millions Of Bees On Highway
April 22, 2015
The truck with 448 hives was headed to a farm in Washington. Read More
Crop ProtectionBrandt Adds Zonix Biofungicide To Portfolio
April 21, 2015
Brandt, a manufacturer of agricultural specialty products, has added Zonix biofungicide to its line of organic and sustainable products. Zonix, manufactured Read More
CitrusFarm Bureau Supports Bill To Halt Controversial WOTUS R…
April 21, 2015
 Legislation would force EPA and the U.S. Army of Engineers to withdraw Waters of the United States proposal. Read More
EquipmentResearchers Seeking Agricultural Applications For Unman…
April 21, 2015
From stress detection to yield estimation, technology offers promise in farming. Read More
CitrusRecord Number Of Organic Producers In U.S.
April 21, 2015
USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Services says domestic production has increased by 250% across all markets since 2002. Read More
Disease ControlNew Fungicide For Wide Range Of Fruits, Vegetables In C…
April 21, 2015
FMC officially enters biological marketplace with first sales of Fracture fungicide. Read More
FruitsMarch Was The Fifth Warmest Month On Record In Washingt…
April 20, 2015
Wapato recorded all-time high of 80 degrees. Read More
Natalie Parkell and Kevin Osburn of Vertical Horizon Farms
CitrusSmall Family Farms Can Survive [Opinion]
April 17, 2015
It is reassuring amid the corporate climate the agriculture industry has experienced in more recent times that there is still room for the little guy, and — more importantly — a need. Read More
Golden Rice
CitrusMore Social Commentators Changing Their Views On GMO Cr…
April 15, 2015
Could public opinion be swayed by evolving narration on genetic modification? Read More
FruitsNew Protective Coating Available For Bee Hives
April 14, 2015
Sustainable crop management company Biobest has announced the launch of “Bee-Coat,” a new protective coating for bumblebee hives. It is Read More
FruitsRecord Low Snowpack In Washington State
April 14, 2015
Experts say snowmelt occurring earlier than expected. Read More