Vegetable Crop Prices Are Frozen in Time [Opinion]

Vegetable Crop Prices Are Frozen in Time [Opinion]

Vegetable-market-pricesWe asked you a seemingly easy question in American Vegetable Grower’s State of the Vegetable Industry Survey: How do your prices compare to 10 years ago?


With inflation alone, crop prices should have increased by 17.5% since 2008, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. It’s important to understand that price increases due to inflation don’t equal growth. It’s merely a price floating up with the rest of the economy.

Healthy businesses increase their prices at a faster pace than inflation in order to re-invest in the company and build cash reserves.

But that’s not what you reported happened in the vegetable industry. A small percentage — 27.2% — say your crop prices are more than 10% higher than they were 10 years ago. But an alarming 44.6% of you have seen either no price increase or, worse, lowered prices.

The Future of the Industry Is at Risk

These statistics should worry us all. Almost half of the industry — that 44.6% — faces going out of business, because that’s the logical outcome of no price increase over 10 years.

Profit at its most basic is what’s left after you deduct your total costs from your income. With inflation at 17.5%, if your cost increased beyond inflation, and your prices held steady for 10 years, you’re in trouble. Unless you were making enormous profits 10 years ago, you are either operating in the red, or on the brink of doing so.

Which means that only 27.2% of you have viable, long-term businesses. And that’s a problem for national security. America cannot be fed by only 27.2% of the industry. If America becomes fully dependent on other countries to feed its citizens, then those other countries have a powerful tool to control us.

The Numbers Are Worse with a Closer Look

Let’s take a look at how the numbers break down.

The growers reporting the strongest prices are no surprise: farm marketers and those supplying local distributors. After all, these groups have direct control over their prices.

But these two groups tend to be the smallest farms, supplying farmers markets and restaurants. The American masses still mostly buy their produce from grocery stores.

Yet even these local growers report poor pricing overall. Less than a third of both groups report a crop price increase of more than 10%. That means about 70% did not keep up with inflation, even though these growers had more direct control over their pricing.

Those of you who supply major distributors and processors struggled the most with crop prices. A whopping 63.8% of the canning/processor suppliers had either flat prices or a drop in prices, with major distributor suppliers close behind at 58.3%.

It’s time for the industry to act. It’s common wisdom that consumers and retailers will almost always default to looking for a lower price, but farms cannot continue to operate when income remains the same even as costs rise.

I urge you to work with those who negotiate your contracts to set clear goals for fair pricing. Find out what those negotiators need as ammunition, whether it’s third-party reports on production, cost projections, or to have a large group of regional growers at their backs.

It’s time for a change in crop prices.

How Your Customers Impacted Prices

The customers you serve impact the prices you can charge.

Take a look at the chart below. Nationally, 44.6% of growers report they haven’t had a price increase in 10 years. That percentage shifts dramatically when an operation’s customers are taken into account.


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Dennis says:

Huge problem for growers. We have no control over prices we receive. Meanwhile, states like mine, Washington State, have passed huge minimum wage increases, family leave programs, sick leave. Promises of overtime pay. We simply cannot pass this on. Our suppliers deal with the same problems, but do pass them on to us. We’re in the squeeze. I grow organic apples, cherries and pears, which are packed by packing houses and sold by their sales desks. These are subject to the whims of the market and that includes huge tariffs, in retaliation to our current trade battles. I grow organic peaches and nectarines, as well as tomatoes, sweet corn, watermelons, cants, pumpkins and squash. We direct market these , but the push back is worse than ever. They’re dealing with customers that are pushing back too. I’ve never seen such a squeeze. It’s leading to far less direct marketing buyers. And the demise of the small farm.